Ultrafast Dephasing of Surface Plasmon Excitation in Silver Nanoparticles: Influence of Particle Size, Shape, and Chemical Surrounding

J. Bosbach, C. Hendrich, F. Stietz, T. Vartanyan, F. Träger
Fachbereich Physik, and Center for Interdisciplinary Nanostructure Science and Technology CINSaT, Universität Kassel Received 21 August 2002; published 3 December 2002

By combination of two special methods, i.e., persistent spectral hole burning and laser assisted nanoparticle preparation, the dephasing time T2 of surface plasmon excitation in silver nanoparticles was systematically investigated. A strong dependence of T2 on the plasmon energy is found which reflects the relevance of interband damping and makes necessary a precise control of the particle shape when measuring T2. The influence of the reduced dimension on the dephasing dynamics was observed as a decrease of T2 with shrinking particle size. In addition, for silver nanoparticles on quartz substrates, a considerable amount of chemical interface damping was observed.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.257404, PACS numbers: 78.67.Bf, 61.46.+w, 71.45.Gm, 73.22.Lp, © 2002 The American Physical Society